Issue IV

cover.IV.2010

2010 - Emerging Information Technologies (II)

Volume: 2010, Issue No. 4

Date: August 2010

Guest Editors: Alonso Álvarez-Garcia, Heinz Brüggemann, Victor-Amadeo Bañuls-Silvera and Gregorio Martín-Quetglas

Contents: Download the full issue here

Download: Monograph | UPgrade European NETwork | CEPIS News


In this issue

Monograph
In this second part of our UPGRADE series dedicated to the theme of emerging information technologies, the focus is specifically on the impact that new technologies have on business. The papers included in this monograph explain emerging trends (new services and computational thinking). Please see the abstracts and download the complete papers below. We also include interviews with four important personalities from institutions and enterprises across Europe including Neelie Kroes, Vice President of the European Commission. Download

UPgrade European NETwork
This month’s UPgrade European NETwork section features a paper that was published in the publication Novática by CEPIS’ Spanish Member society, ATI. This paper is about the theme of Open Access, entitled “Intellectual Property in Publishing and Research: Open Access in Biotechnology, Life Sciences, and Software” and is written by Fionn Murtagh. Download

CEPIS News
The CEPIS News section of this month’s issue invites you to partake in the UPGRADE readership survey. CEPIS would like to hear from you what you think the next 10 years could bring for this journal. CEPIS is delighted to announce that the CEPIS UPGRADE website has been revamped, and if you would like to subscribe to UPGRADE please go to the Subscribe section of this new website. Finally, CEPIS’ commitment to promoting women in ICT has been recently described as an ‘excellent initiative’ in The Parliament Magazine. Download

Papers

Interviews

Abstracts

Towards Enterprise 3.0

Social networking, service-orientation, virtualisation of the technology infrastructure and new ranges of physical devices, etc., are indicators that technology offers a new series of possibilities that society has now begun to use. However, unfortunately only a very small number of businesses have started exploiting the new opportunities on offer. This article attempts to identify what the effects of applying these technological advances would have on organisations. Download

Adopting Semantic Technologies for the Enterprise for Knowledge Management

One of the most important consequences of the development of the Information Society in recent years is the almost exponential growth of digital information. Growth in the number of ICT users, the fact that it is so easy to digitize information, new trends such as Web 2.0 where each user adopts the role of content publisher, etc., have taken us to a situation in which information has ceased to be a precious or scarce resource. Today, in many cases it is an excess of information that has become a problem, which makes the adequate management of knowledge one of the major challenges in the field of ICT. Semantic technologies are thus recognized as the great challenge to address this situation, to such an extent that the Semantic Web is being referred to as Web 3.0. This article looks at the results of the Value-IT Project (co-funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme) on the outlook for semantic technologies in the corporate world. For this project, more than 700 interviews were conducted with IT specialists from various industrial sectors, both face-to-face and by telephone. A field test was also carried out to measure the efficiency of these technologies within the scope of knowledge management. Thus, the results presented in this article provide a realistic view of the many possibilities these technologies will have within the corporate world in the future. Download

Trends in Distributed Curatorial Technology to Manage Data Deluge in a Networked World

Since 2008, the word "curation" has become a buzzword among many social technology bloggers as one of the next big technology trends for 2010 and beyond. This is in part because we are no longer able to consume the plethora of information we are now generating leading to curatorial overload. To further understand why the concept of curation has gained traction, I collected and analyzed over 100 web artefacts pertaining to curation in the Information Age. In this article, I provide excerpts from these web artefacts to explain the value of curation in a networked world. I also present a working model of current curatorial activities, and then describe the rise of "socially-distributed curation" to emphasize the growing tendency to value social curation and facilitate curation in distributed ways. Download

SOA and Cloud Technologies, Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle

This paper describes the relationship between cloud computing technologies and Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). We try to explain how cloud computing does not replace SOA architectures. Quite the contrary, cloud systems are being built using the same basic guidelines associated with SOA (simple, specific and standard-based APIs). This paper also discusses how systems built using these same SOA principles can benefit from cloud services, and how SOA conventions can be applied to develop more complex systems from the combination of basic cloud services. Download

Virtualization as Support for SOA and Cloud Computing

In this paper we present the relevance of virtualization as an enabler for Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Cloud technologies and how, in turn, the success of cloud computing is now fostering virtualization, with better and more cost-effective hardware support in several key system components. In the case of processors, with interrupt virtualization and redirection, extended page tables or support for live migration of virtual machines. In the case of storage systems, with SANs (Storage Area Networks) being more ubiquitous and merging with traditional networks with technologies like iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) and FCoE (fiber-channel over Ethernet). In the case of networks, with support in the latest switches for network cards that serve multiple virtual machines at once, providing unified management of virtual and physical machines, as well as dynamic relocation of virtual machines. Download

Competitiveness and Technological Development in Europe - The Next 10 Years: Interview with Neelie Kroes, Vice President of the European Commission and European Digital Agenda Commissioner

In these times of uncertainty, many of us are concerned that Europe may be losing the technological race and, consequently, a large part of our competitiveness, to other technologically powerful blocks like North America and the Asian countries. This is also a major concern for the European Commission. Thus, in 2009, the then Commissioner for Competition, Neelie Kroes, received an explicit mandate from the President of the Commission, José Manuel Durão Barroso, to develop and implement a long-term European Digital Agenda (2010-2020) with a strategic vision and wide-ranging powers. Ms. Kroes’s answers in the extensive interview she granted us just before the texts of the Agenda were published outline a series of joint and coordinated actions aimed at safeguarding European competitiveness through the use of Information and Communication Technologies. Download

Cloud Computing and Web Research: Interview with Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Vice President of Yahoo! Research for Europe, Middle East and Latin America

With a perspective born of many years of research into Internet-related matters, Ricardo Baeza-Yates gives us his vision of Cloud Computing as an evolution of the distributed systems paradigm. In fact, he even tells us that the interdisciplinarity which is called for in the construction of the Internet of Services around these new visions is inherent to any construct built around the Internet and the Web. Download

The Present and Future of the Web: Interview with Bert Bos, Co-inventor of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

The Web is such a rich multi-way communication medium that it is constantly giving rise to new ideas, concepts and developments either in the field of communications or in the business world. Concepts like Web 2.0, Contextual Web, SaaS, Cloud, etc. have appeared lately, making it more difficult to envision where we are, how they interrelate to each other, and what the most important trends are for the future. Only an expert like Bert Bos can answer such complex questions, providing the deep insights that readers will find in this interview. Download

Cloud Computing and Software Services: Interview with Simon Davies, Solution Architect Specialising in Microsoft Windows' Azure Cloud Platform

With the vision of one who works for a company with a strong commitment to the concepts inherent to Cloud Computing, Simon Davies explains the various conceptual and technological aspects which are appearing on the back of these newly emerging visions. Although his answers reveal an underlying degree of enthusiasm towards these visions, we can also see a laudable desire to “distance himself” from those who, when presented with a new way of approaching things, tend to simply jump on the bandwagon regardless of whether the new way is right or wrong. Download


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