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Internet of Things

Volume: 2011, Issue No. 1

Date: February 2011

Guest Editors: Germán Montoro-Manrique, Pablo Haya-Coll and Dirk Schnelle-Walka

Contents: Download the full issue here

Download: Monograph | UPgrade European NETwork | CEPIS News


In this issue 

Monograph

The papers included in this section are related to the topic of the “Internet of Things”. Today, the concept of the "Internet of Things" has merged with those of Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence to move information from screens and traditional devices to the physical environment. As such everyday items can be discovered and controlled via the Internet. The "Internet of Things" is closely linked to RFID, electronic product code and developments in computing and network ubiquity and papers are included here on these topics also. Download

UPgrade European NETwork

This section includes papers from two different CEPIS Member Society publications. The first paper is from 'Informatica' by Slovenian Society Informatica (SSI) followed by a paper from 'Inforeview' by the Serbian Information Technology Association (JISA). The 'Informatica' paper reflects on some important aspects related to online reading comprehension and in particular it explains the Interactive REading Comprehension (IREC) model that explores the different dimensions and interactions involved in an online reading comprehension process. The 'Inforeview' paper focuses on eGovernment through an interview that describes the experience of implementing an IT centralised environment in the National Employment Service of Serbia (NES). Download

CEPIS News

Read about the exciting European Commission-funded project that CEPIS has just launched to create a pan-European framework for ICT professionalism and a new CIO program to boost innovation and competitiveness. The latest Innovation Union Scoreboard results from 2010 are also included, and find out how you can participate to improve the EU research and innovation funding process. This section also includes a report from the latest ECDL Foundation Forum in Sarajevo where various ECDL National Operators and CEPIS Members pledged action in the Digital Agenda for Europe campaign. Download

Papers

Abstracts

Presentation: Internet of Things: from RFID Systems to Smart Applications

This presentation is written by the three guest editors, Germán Montoro-Manrique, Pablo Haya-Coll, and Dirk Schnelle-Walka. It describes the history and characteristics of the "Internet of Things" environment, and any outstanding issues related to this area. The presentation concludes with a short introduction to each of the seven papers of the Monograph that relate to the central theme of this issue. Download

A Semantic Resource-Oriented Middleware for Pervasive Environments

Pervasive environments are highly dynamic with lots of heterogeneous devices which share information through increasingly interconnected networks. In this context semantic models can be used to describe the context that surrounds them in a very expressive manner, usually stored in centralized knowledge bases. The applications built on top of these knowledge bases use heterogeneous protocols to transmit their data, but do not capture the dynamism of the network. The presented middleware facilitates the exchange of knowledge between different sensors and actuators in a highly distributed, decoupled and resource-oriented manner following the Triple Space paradigm. This middleware has been tested on a stereotypical scenario, which illustrates how different peers can exchange data whilst keeping them autonomous and yet with a reasonable footprint for devices with reduced computational capabilities. Download

"Creepy ∏ion i.e.", System Support for Ambient Intelligence (AmI)

AmI, Ambient Intelligence, environments are a challenge for building applications. These environments are data-rich, highly heterogeneous environments requiring fast systems on small devices and conventional machines, working together to build complex applications. Moreover, these applications need to be accessible from a wide range of I/O devices present in the environment, from high latency mobile networks. To build systems for AmI that work well in practice we need support them on three fronts: (i) a kernel which leverages modern hardware capabilities to move data fast, otherwise AmI environments will be slow and, therefore, dumb; (ii) a common language to exchange data and access devices, tolerating high latency links, available everywhere, otherwise intelligence will be confined to isolated components; and (iii) UIMS, User Interface Management System, capable of providing distribution, replication, persistence, and interaction heterogeneity by default, otherwise the user will need to make use of a PC to interact with the ambient intelligence. We are currently writing a new kernel, Πon ("PI-on"), leveraging the features of modern machines to provide fast services fast. Pon is designed to simplify building synthetic file systems as interfaces for AmI services, perhaps running on tiny devices. The common language of Πon is a new file system protocol, "Creepy", designed to work well despite high latency links, for both data and device access. User Interfaces, UI, for final users are to be provided by the UIMS we call "i.e.", which builds on the infrastructure provided by Πon and uses the Creepy protocol to distribute UI elements among highly heterogeneous I/O devices. This paper describes the requirements and design for these systems and, briefly, the status of their implementations. Download

The Mundo Method - an Enhanced Bottom-Up Approach for Engineering Ubiquitous Computing Systems

Deploying ubiquitous computing systems into real world scenarios can realistically only be done in a bottom-up way, using smart building blocks. Our everyday environments are just too chaotic to allow top-down design of ubiquitous computing systems. Creating ubiquitous computing systems in a bottom-up manner has some inherent problems, which have not been successfully addressed in any existing approach, hence the scarcity of real-world ubiquitous computing systems. This article describes the Mundo Method for designing and implementing ubiquitous computing systems, which addresses two of these problems: structuring, i.e. separating the spontaneously emerging system into meaningful ensembles and orchestration, i.e. providing meaningful behaviour for an ensemble. The Mundo Method heavily relies on the MundoCore communication middleware, which is especially suited for ubiquitous computing applications. Download

Model-Driven Development for the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things vision is about reducing the gap between the physical and the digital world to make daily activities more fluent. By providing a digital identity to real-world objects, Information Systems can handle them in an automatic way. This enables physical objects to participate actively in business processes. In such systems, the technological heterogeneity in Auto-ID and the fast-changing requirements of business processes hinders their construction, maintenance and evolution. This paper shows how the Model Driven Development can help to systematize the development of business process-supporting systems that integrate physical elements. Download

Digital Object Memories for the Internet of Things

Digital Object Memories, DOM, comprise concepts and technologies to physically and conceptually associate digital information with physical objects in an application-independent manner. By storing information about an object’s properties, state, and history of use in its digital memory, objects become self-representative, which allows for novel kinds of open-loop applications in the Internet of Things. In this paper we report on work performed on architectures for Digital Object Memories, concepts for interacting with Digital Object Memories, and the application of Digital Object Memories in the context of the Internet of Things. Download

Ubiquitous Explanations: Anytime, Anywhere, End-User Support

In this article we present a new approach for supporting people in their daily encounters with technology. Be it at home, in public spaces or on the road, people often need to solve little puzzles when facing new technology in order to carry out a task. Furthermore, help is seldom available or is hard to understand. In this article we present a new approach for delivering ubiquitous assistance through voice-controlled, multimodal explanations. We take advantage of SIP-based communications on personal, trusted mobile devices such as mobile phones to allow users to access explanations anywhere, regardless of the multimedia capabilities available on-site. We also present a modelling approach and software support to adapt explanations to different user knowledge levels, which enables people to adjust dynamically the granularity of instructions they receive. Download

The Internet of Things: The Potential to Facilitate Health and Wellness

In this paper we investigate the potential of the ‘Internet of Things’ to monitor health and wellness. We report on two categories of system: home telehealth monitoring normally used by people with an illness or chronic condition, and mobile, unfettered systems for classifying movement activity, specifically designed to motivate active people, currently used by sports enthusiasts. For each application sensor technology is readily available at reasonable cost, but integration and usability are major issues. Enhanced connectivity and feedback can leverage this technology to promote wellness and we believe that intelligent and autonomous ‘things’ (sensors, processing and communication devices, and displays) can be usefully employed for this purpose. This technology may be appropriate to managing chronic disease and empowering the ageing population, if the systems can be tuned to their requirements, with particular reference to usability. Download

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